Archaeozoology - The study of animal remains, usually bones, from the past. Archaic - In archaeology, this term is often used to designate an early period in a culture's history. Boat grave - A type of burial in which a body (or cremated remains) is placed in a boat and buried in the ground. Cache (pronounced "cash") - A collection of objects that was purposefully buried.
In Greece it designates the chronological period that preceded the classical period. Such a burial often symbolized the deceased's high status. Canopic vase or jar - A container or small jar used in ancient Egypt to hold the internal organs of a person who had been mummified.
In some instances, however, running water carries away nutrients from exposed soils and creates areas unsuitable for agriculture.
Alidade - An optical surveyor's instrument used in the field to create topographic maps and top plans.
Today alidades are being replaced by Total Stations.
In academic, historical, and archaeological circles, A. Dates are determined by a variety of processes, including chemical analyses (as in radiocarbon dating and thermoluminescence), data correlation (as in dendrochronology), and a variety of other tests. Acheulean - A stone tool industry, in use from about 1.6 million years ago until 125,000 years ago.
- "Abbreviation for the term Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi (or simply Anno Domini) which means ""in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ."" Years are counted from the traditionally recognized year of the birth of Jesus. E.)." Absolute Dating - Collective term for techniques that assign specific dates or date ranges, in calendar years, to artifacts and other archaeological finds.
AMS - Accelerator Mass Spectrometry is an absolute dating technique that measures the amount of carbon-14 in an organic object and provides a rough indication of its age. Anthropology - The study of human beings, including their behavior, biology, linguistics, and social and cultural variations.
In the United States, anthropology is divided into four sub-disciplines: archaeology, biological/physical anthropology, cultural anthropology, and linguistics.
It is generally a raised area above the rest of the city where the most important sacred and secular buildings are brought together.
The buildings on the Athenian Acropolis were important for trade and worship.
Archaeoastronomy - The study of ancient astronomical knowledge and its role in past cultures. - Before Present; used in age determination instead of B. Balks are often left to aid with stratigraphic analysis.
Archaeology - The scientific excavation and study of ancient human material remains. Benchmark - For excavation purposes, a permanent point at a known elevation that can be used to measure other elevations during excavation . Biface tools - Stone tools that have been worked on both sides or faces, meaning that flakes have been intentionally (not naturally) chipped off from both sides of the stone.
Bronze is an alloy of copper and either zinc or tin.